The Origin and Clever, Eco-Friendly Design of Pellet Stoves
A pellet stove could very well be the most intelligent option for a heating system for your home, if you are interested in convenience, cutting energy costs, and making environmentally friendly choices. The invention of pellet stoves was inspired by oil drum stoves widely used during the Depression era and by Pres-to-Logs used in the 1930s. During the oil crisis of the 70s when Americans were pressured to find more cost-effective methods for heating their homes, the pellet stove was invented. The clever design of the stove met the goal of providing an efficient heating system fueled by recycled products.
Though some pellet stoves are large furnaces, many designs are highly decorative and look much like factory-made fireplaces or wood stoves. Models are available which have glass doors so that the pleasure and romance of watching flames isn’t lost. While they may look like wood stoves or fireplaces, pellet stoves are completely different. Logs can’t be burned in pellet stoves because the stoves are designed to burn pellets.
The following is how pellet stoves basically work:
- Pour pellets into a hopper on the stove. Part of the convenience of this appliance is that you shouldn’t have to tend to the fire in any way until more pellets are needed. The number of hours of hassle-free heating depends on the size of the hopper.
- The pellets, either by means of gravity or an auger, enter a combustion chamber or burn pot. You can control how hot the fire is by making simple adjustments to control the amount of pellets being burned at one time; on some models, this can be achieved with a thermostat.
- The fire is kept burning as air mixes with the pellets in the combustion chamber.
- One component of the pellet stove requires a small amount of electricity, that being the convection blowers. The blowers pull air from the room into the burn pot, which results in a hotter fire that burns evenly and is more efficient. To be prepared for power outages in winter, it’s best to set up a backup power source.
- Ash needs to be removed from the ash chamber routinely.
- The stove does not require a chimney. This appliance can be vented directly through an outside wall.
Environmentally Friendly Wood Pellets
Pellet stoves are designed to burn small pellets made with recycled or biomass materials. Natural products such as cherry pits and corn kernels can be burned, but pellets made with wood chips or sawdust are most recommended. The pellets are made with wood waste, which means they do not contribute to deforestation.
The wood pellets are highly compressed and extremely low in moisture content. No creosote is produced when burning pellets, which produce a comfortable, very dry radiant heat.
The greatest claim to fame of the pellet stove is that it is the heat source that produces the least amount of pollution. These smart appliances also produce a greater output of heat than any type of fireplace or wood stove.
Wood pellets come in 40-pound bags and can be neatly stored. It’s crucial that they are kept in a dry place. If they are exposed to moisture, they will expand and will no longer be able to feed through the hopper on the pellet stove. It takes about 3 tons of pellets to heat a house for an entire cold winter. Before investing in a pellet stove, be sure wood pellets are available in your region. Unfortunately, pellets are not offered everywhere at this point, and having 3 tons of pellets shipped offsets many of the eco-friendly benefits of a pellet stove.
Are you interested in learning more about these clever appliances, or are you ready to get a pellet stove installed in your home? Contact our chimney technicians today for help with any of your questions and for professional installation of your new pellet stove.
Northeastern Chimney, Inc
37 Cody Street, West Hartford, CT 06110